Ultimate Guide to Adaptogens: Benefits, Uses, and How to Incorporate Them

Ultimate Guide to Adaptogens: Benefits, Uses, and How to Incorporate Them

Adaptogens are a unique class of herbs and mushrooms that help the body resist stressors of all kinds, whether physical, chemical, or biological. These natural substances work to regulate and stabilize physiological processes, promoting homeostasis. As the wellness community continues to grow, more people are turning to adaptogens to support their health and well-being. Historically, adaptogens have been used for thousands of years in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and Ayurveda for their health-promoting properties and ability to enhance resilience against stressors​​.

What Are Adaptogens?

Adaptogens are non-toxic plants marketed to help the body resist stressors of all kinds. These herbs and roots have been used for centuries in Chinese and Ayurvedic healing traditions. Unlike common stimulants such as caffeine, which can overwork the body’s systems, adaptogens support the body’s ability to adapt to stress and work to regulate the body’s response to stress​​. To be classified as an adaptogen, a plant must meet specific criteria: it must be non-toxic, provide broad benefits that improve overall immune system strength, and help balance the body​​.

Key Benefits of Adaptogens

  • Stress Reduction: Adaptogens help reduce and manage stress.
  • Improved Energy Levels: They can boost energy and combat fatigue.
  • Enhanced Cognitive Function: Adaptogens may improve focus and mental clarity.
  • Immune Support: They can enhance immune function and protect against illness.

Popular Adaptogens and Their Benefits

1. Ashwagandha:

  • Benefits: Reduces stress and anxiety, improves cognitive function, boosts energy levels​​.
  • How to Use: Typically taken in capsule or powder form. Can be added to smoothies, teas, or warm milk.

2. Rhodiola Rosea:

  • Benefits: Enhances mental performance, reduces fatigue, improves mood​​.
  • How to Use: Often consumed as a supplement in pill form or as a tea.

3. Holy Basil (Tulsi):

  • Benefits: Reduces inflammation, supports immune function, improves mental clarity​​.
  • How to Use: Commonly used in teas, tinctures, or as a culinary herb in cooking.

4. Reishi Mushroom:

  • Benefits: Enhances immune function, reduces stress, improves sleep quality​​.
  • How to Use: Available in powdered form, capsules, or as part of a tea blend.

5. Maca Root:

  • Benefits: Boosts energy and stamina, supports hormone balance, enhances libido​​.
  • How to Use: Typically found in powder form and can be added to smoothies, oatmeal, or baked goods.

6. Ginseng:

  • Benefits: Boosts energy, enhances cognitive function, supports the immune system​​.
  • How to Use: Available as a tea, powder, or capsule.

Mechanisms of Action

Adaptogens are believed to work by influencing the body’s stress-response system, particularly the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis during stress. Modern pharmacological studies indicate that adaptogens may enhance the body’s resilience to stress by modulating the immune, nervous, and endocrine systems​​. This capability helps normalize stress hormone levels and improve overall physiological balance.

How to Incorporate Adaptogens into Your Diet

Incorporating adaptogens into your daily routine can provide numerous benefits, including improved stress management, enhanced energy levels, and better overall physical and mental health. Adaptogens are most commonly consumed as supplements and herbal products, such as capsules, powders, and tinctures​​. They can also be integrated into various foods and beverages like granolas, protein powders, smoothies, and teas​​.

Daily Routine: Starting your day with adaptogens can enhance mental clarity and sustain energy levels throughout the day. For instance, taking adaptogens in the morning may help you avoid the usual afternoon energy slump​​. They can be taken in capsule form, mixed into your morning smoothie, or added to your breakfast foods like oatmeal or granola​​.

Exercise and Performance: Adaptogens can also play a role in improving physical performance and recovery. Incorporating them into your pre- or post-workout regimen can help boost energy levels and support muscle recovery​​. For those engaged in regular fitness activities, adaptogens can offer a natural way to enhance endurance and resilience.

Consulting Professionals: Before starting any new supplement, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you have any pre-existing conditions or are taking medications​​. Healthcare providers can help determine the most appropriate adaptogen for your specific needs and ensure that there are no potential interactions with other treatments​​.

Safety and Considerations

While adaptogens are generally considered safe for most people, it’s important to use them responsibly. Safe dosing has not been definitively established, so starting with smaller doses and gradually increasing them can help mitigate any potential side effects, which are typically minor but may include gastrointestinal discomfort or drowsiness​​. Additionally, checking for third-party testing and reviewing safety information from credible sources like the FDA Safety Portal can provide extra assurance when purchasing adaptogenic products​​.

Consumers are advised to consult healthcare professionals before incorporating adaptogens into their wellness routines and to choose products from reputable sources​​. Much of the existing research on adaptogens has been criticized for methodological limitations, and more rigorous studies are needed to substantiate the claims associated with adaptogens​​.

Scientific Evidence and Clinical Applications

The foundational research into adaptogens began in the Soviet Union, where scientists conducted extensive studies on various plant extracts, particularly focusing on Eleutherococcus senticosus (Siberian ginseng). By 1982, over 1,000 pharmacological and clinical studies had been published, many highlighting the efficacy of Eleutherococcus extracts in stress-related applications​​. Despite these extensive studies, it has been noted that the quality of early Soviet research was often suboptimal by modern standards, with questionable diagnostic criteria and methodological limitations​​.

In contemporary research, adaptogens continue to be explored for their potential benefits in managing stress-induced and aging-related disorders. Studies have examined their use in traditional medical systems such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and other alternative medical systems​​. Notably, a recent trial funded by the Swedish Herbal Institute investigated the effects of a liquid containing golden root, schisandra, and Siberian ginseng (ADAPT-232/Chisan®) on individuals with long COVID. However, the study’s association with the product manufacturer raises concerns about potential bias and the need for further independent research​​.

Regulatory and Safety Considerations

Adaptogens, categorized as supplements, are not regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with the same rigor as pharmaceutical drugs. This regulatory leniency means that adaptogens do not require FDA approval for safety and effectiveness prior to being marketed​​. Consequently, the quality and purity of adaptogen products can differ substantially among various brands. Consumers are advised to select products from reputable suppliers that provide transparent information regarding sourcing, manufacturing processes, and testing standards​​.

To ensure product safety, it is recommended to choose adaptogens that have been third-party tested, such as those with USP verification. Additionally, the FDA Safety Portal and NIH Website can provide valuable information regarding consumer-reported safety concerns​​. Despite their purported benefits, the long-term safety of adaptogens has not been conclusively demonstrated. Many claims about their effectiveness are based on animal studies and limited human trials, which often lack rigorous methodology​​.


Adaptogens offer a natural way to support your body’s response to stress and improve overall well-being. By incorporating adaptogens into your daily routine, you can help maintain balance and enhance your health naturally. As research continues to evolve, adaptogens may increasingly be integrated into modern healthcare practices, provided their efficacy and safety are conclusively demonstrated​​. Explore the various types of adaptogens to find the ones that work best for you and enjoy the journey towards better health.


  1. Adaptogens: What to Know. WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/balance/adaptogens-what-to-know
  2. The History of Adaptogens. Prismatic Plants. https://www.prismaticplants.com/blogs/strange-mind-cbd-blog/the-history-of-adaptogens
  3. Adaptogens: 5 Brilliant Ayurvedic Herbs to Pacify Stress and Promote Health. Netmeds. https://www.netmeds.com/health-library/post/adaptogens-5-brilliant-ayurvedic-herbs-to-pacify-stress-and-promote-health-infographic
  4. The Problems with Adaptogens. McGill University. https://www.mcgill.ca/oss/article/covid-19-critical-thinking/problems-adaptogens
  5. What Are Adaptogens & Types. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/adaptogenic-herbs

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