Ingredient Substitutions

It’s generally a good idea to substitute ingredients when you are trying to accommodate a dietary restriction or preference, such as vegetarianism, gluten-free diets, or lactose intolerance. In these cases, ingredient substitutions can help you create meals that are still nutritious and satisfying.

There are some cases when it is not advisable to substitute ingredients. For example, if a recipe relies on a specific ingredient for structure or flavor, substituting that ingredient may result in a dish that does not turn out as desired. In general, it is best to avoid substituting ingredients in baking recipes, as the chemistry of baking is sensitive and substitutions can have unpredictable results.

To make ingredient substitutions more nutritious, you can choose substitutes that are rich in nutrients and/or have health benefits. For example, substituting olive oil for butter can add monounsaturated fats to your diet, which have been shown to have heart-healthy benefits. Substituting beans for meat in a recipe can add protein and fiber to your meal. Substituting whole grain flours for white flour can increase the fiber and nutrient content of your baked goods.

Allspice1/2 tsp. cinnamon & 1/2 tsp. ground cloves
(1 tsp.)
Apple pie spice1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. nutmeg & 1/8 tsp. cardamon
(1 tsp.)
Bay leaf1/4 tsp. crushed
(1 whole)
Beau Monde1 tsp. seasoned salt
(1 tsp.)1/2 tsp. salt
 1/2 tsp. Mei Yen seasoning
Bouillon1 tsp. powdered bouillon
(1 cube)
Broth1 bouillon cube
(1 cup)or
 1 tsp. powdered bouillon cube in 1 cup boiling water
Carob1 ounce chocolate
(3 Tbsp.)
Chives, fresh2 tsp. chopped green onion tops
(2 tsp.)
Chocolate chips, semisweet1 ounce sweet cooking chocolate
(1 ounce)
Chocolate, unsweetened3 Tbsp. cocoa plus 1 Tbsp. fat
(1 ounce)
Chocolate, unsweetened3 Tbsp. cocoa plus 1 Tbsp. fat
(1 ounce)or
 3 Tbsp. carob plus 2 Tbsp. water
Chocolate, semisweet 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate plus 4 tsp. sugar
(1-2/3 ounce)
Cocoa1 ounce chocolate and omit 1/2 Tbsp. fat
(1/4 cup)
Dill1 Tbsp. dill seed or weed
(3 heads)
Garlic1/8 tsp. garlic powder
(1 clove)or
 1 tsp. chopped garlic
Ginger1 Tbsp. candied ginger rinsed in water to remove sugar, finely chopped
(1/8 tsp.)or
 1/2 tsp. raw ginger
Herbs1/2 tsp. dried = 1/4 tsp. ground = 2-3 tsp. freshly minced
Honey1-1/4 cups sugar and 1/4 cup liquid
(1 cup)
Horseradish2 Tbsp. prepared
(1 Tbsp. fresh)
Mint1/4 cup chopped, fresh
(1 Tbsp. dried)
Mustard1 Tbsp. prepared
(1 tsp. dry)
Parsley1 tsp. dried
(1 Tbsp. fresh)
Pumpkin pie spice1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. ginger, 1/8 tsp. allspice & 1/8 tsp. nutmeg
(1 tsp.)
Rennet1 Tbsp. liquid rennet
(1 tablet)
Vanilla bean1 tsp. flavoring
(1 inch piece)
Worcestershire sauce1 tsp. steak sauce
(1 tsp.)